With a cumulative score of 1.41, Argentina ranks number 58 among emerging markets and number 87 in the global ranking.
- Emerging markets
1.90 / 5
0.77 / 5
0.62 / 5
Net-zero goal and strategy
Argentina has stated its intention to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, but has not yet presented a long-term strategy to achieve this goal.
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)
In December 2020, Argentina submitted its second ‘nationally determined contribution’ (NDC) – its plan to help achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement – to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). On November 2021, the government of Argentina submitted the update of its second NDC, committing unconditionally to not exceeding the net emissions of 349 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e) in 2030.
The target applies to all sectors of Argentina’s economy.
Fossil fuel phase-out policy
The country does not have a policy to phase out its fossil-fuel-powered plants.
Argentina passed a renewable energy law in 2015 and has been holding renewables auctions since then. The legislation set a series of targets for the share of renewables in national electricity consumption, starting with 8% by 2017 and gradually rising to 20% by the end of 2025. Argentina did not meet the initial milestone, with renewables supplying just 2% of electricity demand in 2017. This share had grown to just over 13% in 2021.
The renewable energy law also established new conditions for the development of wind and solar in the country, giving renewables projects access to incentives such as accelerated depreciation and exemption from VAT and import duties. Large consumers are obliged to meet renewables targets individually and may sign bilateral power purchase agreements (PPAs) to help achieve their objectives.
Power prices and costs
Due to Argentina’s poor economic conditions, power tariffs were artificially stable from 2018 through 2020, but increased more than 20% in 2021.
Under Argentina’s renewable energy auction scheme, RenovAr, PPAs have had a standard 20-year length for the past four auctions and were denominated in US dollars. Outside of government contracts, there are no restrictions on the duration of bilateral PPAs between corporations and clean energy generators. Renewable developers that participate in this market can request priority dispatch in the quarterly rounds of the Renewable Energy Term Market (MATER).
Despite challenges, Argentina set a new annual record for wind and solar additions in 2020, with 1.4 gigawatts (GW) connected to the grid.
Installed Capacity (in MW)
Electricity Generation (in GWh)
Which segments of the power sector are open to private participation?
Wholesale power market
Does the country have a wholesale power market?
Doing business and barriers
Insufficient transmission capacity and weak power demand has prevented Argentina’s government from holding larger renewables auctions over the past four years. Economic instability is affecting investment in renewables, as well as power demand growth. The current economic crisis has delayed clean energy projects.
Argentina’s crisis is a huge challenge for renewables projects looking to secure financing. In 2015, the World Bank assisted Argentina by providing a Renewable Energy Fund Guarantee, linked with the government auctioned PPAs. This was a key factor in encouraging investment in the country.
Currency of PPAs
Are PPAs (eg. corporate PPAs and all other types) signed in or indexed to U.S. Dollars or Euro?
Bilateral power contracts
Can a C&I (Commercial and Industrial) customer sign a long-term contract (PPA) for clean energy?
Fossil fuel price distortions - Subsidies
Does the government influence the wholesale price of fossil fuel (used by thermal power plants) down through subsidies?
Fossil fuel price distortions - Taxes
Does the government influence the wholesale price of fossil fuel (used by thermal power plants) up through taxes or carbon prices?
The electric vehicle (EV) market in Argentina is in its infancy. Annual EV sales represent less than 0.03% of total vehicle sales.
Import taxes have been temporarily lowered for EVs, hybrids and fuel-cell vehicles in Argentina. In some cases, these vehicles are exempted completely from import taxes. However, there is a limit to the number of vehicles that can benefit from this incentive.
Fuel economy standards
Does the country have a fuel economy standard in place?
Argentina has a specific government department for energy efficiency, which publishes guidelines for energy efficiency in households, transport, and other industries.
Energy efficiency policy
Does the country have a national energy efficiency plan?
Energy efficiency policy
Are there minimum energy performance standards for buildings?
Energy efficiency incentives
Is there access to loans or grants for energy efficiency measures (i.e. Wall or loft insulation or double glazing)?
There are no specific laws.
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